Rock and Soil Mechanics ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 2880-2890.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2019.7060

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Research on dynamic response characteristics of loess tableland slopes based on shaking table test

LI Fu-xiu1, WU Zhi-jian2, YAN Wu-jian1, ZHAO Duo-yin3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Loess Earthquake Engineering, Lanzhou Institute of Seismology, China Earthquake Administration, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China 2. College of Transportation Science &Engineering, Nanjing Tech. University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, China 3. Chengdu Surveying Geotechnical Research Institute Co. Ltd. of MCC, Chengdu, Sichuan 610023, China
  • Online:2020-09-11 Published:2021-02-08
  • Contact: WU Zhi-jian, male, born in 1974. PhD, Professor, mainly working on geotechnical engineering and seismic engineering research E-mail:
  • About author:LI Fu-xiu, male, born in 1993. Master degree candidate, mainly working on the scientific research of geotechnical earthquake engineering.
  • Supported by:
    the National Earthquake Science Joint Foundation of China(U1939209), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41472297) and the Scientific Research Foundation for Introducing Talent of Nanjing Tech University.

Abstract: Based on the typical loess plateau slope of Kongtong district, Pingliang city, a 1:25 large-scale shaking table test is designed and accomplished using the conceptual model of the slopes with or without cracks. On the premise of satisfying the similarity principle, the dynamic response characteristics of model slopes of two kinds of structures are analyzed by inputting seismic waves in horizontal direction and vertical direction with different amplitudes. Results show that the horizontal and vertical seismic waves have obvious nonlinear amplification along the slope surface and the internal vertical direction, which reach the maximum value at the top of the slope. Under the horizontal seismic waves with the same amplitude, the acceleration amplification coefficient of the slope surface and section 4 are greater than that of the slope without crack at the same elevation in the middle and upper part of the slope, while in section 1, the amplification coefficient of the crack slope is smaller than that of the crack-free slope. After the seismic wave propagates through the slope soil, the predominant frequency changes significantly. With the increase of elevation, the slope will manifest selective amplification on middle and high frequency bands, which is more obvious on the side of fissure slope. Moreover, as the amplitude of seismic wave increases, the superior frequency transfers to the low frequency direction. However, the attenuation of predominant frequency is not obvious under the vertical seismic wave.

Key words: loess tableland slope, shaking table test, crack, acceleration dynamic response, spectrum analysis