Rock and Soil Mechanics ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 3214-3224.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2020.5004

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Study on the fracture mechanism of 3D-printed-joint specimens based on DIC technology

JIN Ai-bing1, 2, WANG Shu-liang1, 2, WANG Ben-xin1, 2, SUN Hao1, 2, ZHAO Yi-qing1, 2   

  1. 1. School of Civil and Resources Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China 2. Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education for Efficient Mining and Safety of Metal Mine, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • Online:2020-10-10 Published:2021-03-10
  • Contact: SUN Hao, male, born in 1992, PhD, Lecturer, focusing on teaching and research work in mining technology and theory, rock mechanics. E-mail:
  • About author:JIN Ai-bing, male, born in 1974, PhD, Professor, focusing on teaching and research work in rock mechanics and engineering.
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51674015, 51804018), the Open Fund of State Key Laboratory of Water Resource Protection and Utilization in Coal Mining (2017) (SHJT-17-42.1) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (FRF-TP-19-026A1).

Abstract: In order to accurately characterize the deformation and failure modes of prefabricated jointed rocks with different angles under uniaxial compression, a joint model based on 3D printing technology was used to simulate the structural surface in the rock mass. Rock specimens with precast joints with different angles were obtained by pouring cement mortar, and a uniaxial compression test was performed. At the same time, digital image correlation (DIC) technology was used to observe and analyze the process of crack formation, propagation, and penetration in the test specimen. The results showed that as the angle of prefabricated joints increased from 0° to 90°, a decrease followed by an increase in the strength and peak strain of the test piece was observed. Additionally, the elastic modulus of the test piece with angles of 0° and 45° decreased compared to the complete test piece. Based on the DIC test results, the cracks of specimens with angles of 0°, 30°, 45°, and 60° all started from the tip of the prefabricated joint. The crack initiation stress of the specimens with different angles was all consistent with the strength change of the specimens. Under shear stress, the cracks started in the form of shear wing cracks. The cracks of 0° and 45° specimens changed from shear to tensile cracks during the propagation process, and the shear cracks were observed in the specimens of 30° and 60° throughout this process. The crack of the specimen of 90° started from the bottom and tensile failure was eventually witnessed. In this study, an obvious linear positive correlation was found between the cracking angle θ2 of the lower wing and the cracking angle θ1 of the upper wing, and it can be expressed as θ2= 0.828 6θ1 +12.185. As the joint angle increased, the cracking stress decreased first and then increased, which was consistent with the peak stress.

Key words: 3D printing, single joint, uniaxial compression, digital image correlation (DIC) technology, crack propagation, crack initiation angle