Rock and Soil Mechanics ›› 2023, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 88-98.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2022.5191

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Analysis of longitudinal deformation of shield tunnel subjected to shield tail asymmetric thrust

ZHANG Zhi-wei1, LIANG Rong-zhu1, LI Zhong-chao2, SUN Lian-wei3, SHEN Wen3, WU Wen-bing1   

  1. 1. Faculty of Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China 2. Wuhan Municipal Construction Group Co., Ltd., Wuhan, Hubei 340023, China 3. Engineering General Institute, Shanghai Construction Group Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200080, China
  • Online:2023-01-17 Published:2023-03-13
  • Contact: LIANG Rong-zhu, male, born in 1988, PhD, Associate Professor, Master's degree supervisor, research interests: structural safety of urban shield tunnels. E-mail:
  • About author:ZHANG Zhi-wei, male, born in 1999 Master degree candidate, focusing on urban pipe jacking tunnel protection.
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41807262), the Research Project of Wuhan Municipal Construction Group Co., Ltd. (wszky202013) and the Research Project of Shanghai Construction Engineering Group (19YF1421000).

Abstract: When the shield machine is driving along a curve alignment or during deviation correction, the asymmetrical thrust will generate an additional bending moment on the head of the segmental rings, which will cause longitudinal deformation of the shield tunnel. Current analytical methods commonly simplify the existing tunnel as an equivalent continuous beam, which will overlook the weakening of the circumferential joint. In this study, a simplified longitudinal beam-spring shield tunnel model (SLBSM) is established, which can simultaneously consider the opening and dislocation between segmental rings. Then, the shield tunnel under construction is simplified as an SLBSM resting on the Winkler foundation. The shield tunnel longitudinal deformation subjected to the shield tail asymmetric thrust is solved using the state space method; the reliability and applicability of the proposed method are verified by comparing with the results from finite element analysis and two existing continuous beam model. The parametric analysis is further performed to investigate the influences of some parameters on the deformation of shield tunnel. The results show that the longitudinal displacement of shield tunnel based on the continuous beam model exhibits continuous characteristics. While the longitudinal displacement predicted by the proposed method exhibits discontinuous characteristics, and “gaps” appear at the joints between adjacent segmental rings. Through the parametric analyses, it is found that increasing the rotation stiffness of the circumferential joint will effectively reduce the tunnel heave and opening of joint; increasing the shearing stiffness of the circumferential joint will effectively lead to the decrease of dislocation between adjacent segmental rings, but it will increase the tunnel heave and shear force; improving the foundation stiffness will effectively reduce the tunnel heave and opening of joint, but it will result in the increase of the dislocation between adjacent segmental rings. The effect of the axial force at the head of the segmental ring on the longitudinal deformation of the tunnel cannot be ignored. Increasing the axial force will effectively reduce the tunnel heave, opening of joint, and dislocation between adjacent segmental rings.

Key words: asymmetric thrust, shield tunnel, longitudinal deformation, longitudinal beam-spring shield tunnel model, state space method