Rock and Soil Mechanics ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 3540-3552.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2020.5214

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An investigation of the mechanical properties of sandstone under coupled static and dynamic loading

WEN Lei1, LIANG Xu-li3, FENG Wen-jie1, WANG Wei2, WANG Liang2, CHANG Jiang-fang1, YUAN Wei2   

  1. 1. Mechanics Engineering Department, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhang, Hebei 050043, China 2. School of Civil Engineering, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhang, Hebei 050043, China 3. School of Exploration Technology and Engineering, Hebei GEO University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050031, China
  • Online:2020-11-10 Published:2021-04-08
  • Contact: FENG Wen-kai, male, born in 196, PhD, Professor, PhD supervisor, research interests: fracture mechanics. E-mail: wjfeng9999@ E-mail:WL0921@
  • About author:WEN Lei, male, born in 1983, PhD, Associate Professor, mainly engaged in the teaching and research of rock mechanics
  • Supported by:
    the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (E2018210066), the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (2018M631758) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51979170).

Abstract: Through the application of SHPB (split Hopkinson pressure bar) test, this research firstly analyzed the law of damage under the cyclical impact on grey sandstone samples with the condition of static load. After that, to obtain the sample failure mode and speculate the relationship between dynamic stress and strain, the static-dynamic loading experiments on pre-damaged rock samples were also performed. Finally, based on the principle of strain equivalence, the total damage variable under the condition of static-dynamic loading was analyzed to derive the damage evolution equation to explain the relation of damage constitutive. Based on above tests, the research suggests: (1) the damage variable of rock sample can be divided into three stages during the process of cyclical impact, which are rapid increase, low-speed development and high-speed development, meanwhile, a higher axial pressure will lead to a lower damage variable in the stage of low-speed development; (2) compared with pre-damaged sample, the effect of strain rate enhancement on intact samples is more significant under the same condition; (3) the joint impact of pre-damaged variable ( ) and static-load damage variable ( ) might be negative, which therefore explained the fact that the dynamic strength increases with the static pressure under the condition of static-dynamic loading; (4) the constructed constitutive relation is also in perfect agreement with the curve of test value, which can in turn show a consistency between the macro- and micro- damage of the rock and then reflect the nonlinear influence of cyclical impact and static loading on total damage development.

Key words: split Hopkinson pressure bar test, damage variable, cyclical impact, static-dynamic loading experiments, constitutive relation