Rock and Soil Mechanics ›› 2021, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 1345-1354.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2020.6301

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Analytical solution to consolidation of unsaturated soil by vertical drains with continuous permeable boundary

QIN Ai-fang1, JIANG Liang-hua1, XU Wei-fang1, MEI Guo-xiong2   

  1. 1. Department of Civil Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200072, China 2. School of Transportation Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, China
  • Online:2021-05-11 Published:2021-09-16
  • About author:QIN Ai-fang, female, born in 1966, PhD, Professor, research interests: consolidation of unsaturated soils, geological disposal of nuclear waste.
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China (42072292, 41372279).

Abstract: In this paper, based on the axisymmetric consolidation theory of unsaturated soil and equal-strain assumption, an analytical solution using the homogenization of boundary conditions and eigenfunction method is proposed to three-dimensional consolidation of unsaturated soil enhanced by vertical drains under instantaneous loading, in which the continuous permeable boundary conditions are properly introduced. Then, the proposed solution is verified by the special cases of double drainage boundary conditions. Finally, the solution is analyzed using examples and the results show that the proposed solution can be used to simulate the arbitrary distribution of permeability of the top and bottom boundary by setting reasonable interface parameters, which makes up for the problem that the permeability of the top and bottom boundary is between pervious and impervious condition or follows an asymmetric distribution. In addition, with a proper ratio of influence radius to drainage well radius and appropriate depth of vertical drain, the influence of vertical flows on the dissipation of excess pore pressures is small when the ratio of radial to vertical permeability coefficient is greater than two. Last but not the least, the above influence of excess pore pressures is more obvious with the enhancement of the permeability of the top and bottom boundary considering the vertical flows.

Key words: unsaturated soil, analytical solution, continuous permeable boundary, three-dimensional consolidation, vertical drain