Rock and Soil Mechanics ›› 2022, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 286-298.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2021.5695

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Development of multi-dimensional production simulation test system for natural gas hydrate and its primary application

JIANG Yu-jing1, 2, YAN Peng1, 2, LUAN Heng-jie1, 2, CHEN Lian-jun1, DING Gen-rong3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Mining Disaster Prevention and Control Co-founded by Shandong Province and the Ministry of Science and Technology, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong 266590, China 2. College of Energy and Mining Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong 266590, China 3. Jiangsu Kedi Petroleum Instrument Co., Ltd., Haian, Jiangsu 226600, China
  • Online:2022-01-11 Published:2022-03-23
  • Contact: LUAN Heng-jie, male, born in 1989, PhD, Lecturer, mainly engaged in the research on the basic physical properties of natural gas hydrate. E-mail: E-mail:
  • About author: JIANG Yu-jing, male, born in 1962, PhD, Professor, PhD supervisor, mainly engaged in the research in geotechnical mechanics and engineering problems in the development of natural gas hydrate.
  • Supported by:
    the Major Program of Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation (ZR2019ZD14).

Abstract: In order to study the synthesis and decomposition characteristics of natural gas hydrates, the exploitation performance of the reservoir, and the sand production and control during the mining process of natural gas hydrates, a set of multi-dimensional natural gas hydrate production simulation test system has been developed. The test system is mainly composed of gas injection system, constant pressure liquid supply system, steam or hot water injection system, 1D,2D&3D model, back pressure control system, outlet metering system, data acquisition and control processing system and corresponding auxiliary systems. The main innovations of the experimental system are as follows: 1) The one-dimensional reactor wall made of high-pressure glass and the high-definition camera are combined to achieve visualization for monitoring the synthesis and decomposition of hydrate and the sand migration in the production process under medium and low pressure. 2) The self-developed double-cylinder constant speed and pressure pump is used to control the back pressure valve, so that the pressure in the reactor can be uniformly reduced at a decrement of higher precision during the entire depressurizing production process. Consequently, the gas hydrate reformation is greatly reduced, and the gas production rate becomes more uniform. Using quartz sand of different particle sizes, deionized water and methane gas with a purity of 99.9% as raw materials,the one-dimensional phase equilibrium test and two-dimensional depressurizing production test are conducted. The reliability of the test system is verified based on the primary application results from these tests.

Key words: natural gas hydrate, production simulation, test system, phase equilibrium, depressurization production