Rock and Soil Mechanics ›› 2022, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1884-1898.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2021.6730

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Mechanical response characteristics of lining structure of pipeline karst tunnels in water-rich areas

FAN Hao-bo1, ZHOU Ding-kun2, LIU Yong2, SONG Yu-xiang2, ZHU Zheng-guo1, 3, ZHU Yong-quan1, GAO Xin-qiang1, GUO Jia-qi4   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Behavior and System Safety of Traffic Engineering Structures, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050043, China 2. Key Laboratory of Roads and Railway Engineering Safety Control of Ministry of Education, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050043, China 3. Hebei Province Technical Innovation Center of Safe and Effective Mining of Metal Mines, Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, 050043, China 4. School of Civil Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, Henan 454003, China
  • Online:2022-07-20 Published:2022-09-20
  • Contact: LIU Yong, male, born in 1970, PhD, Professor, research interests: tunnel structure stability. E-mail:
  • About author:FAN Hao-bo, male, born in 1989, PhD, Lecturer, research interests: water pressure on the lining and structural diseases in water-rich tunnels.
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation for Young Scientists of China (52108378), the Young Elite Scientists Sponsorship Program by CAST (2021QNRC001), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (E2020210068), and the Key R & D projects in Hebei Province (21375403D).

Abstract: For the karst tunnel with pipeline cavities in the surrounding rock, it is very easy to accumulate high water pressure in the pipeline cavity due to the influences of heavy rainfall on the surface and groundwater, which will lead to lining cracking, water leakage, and water gushing diseases. To explore the influence of high water pressure on the lining structure, model tests of pipeline karst tunnels under high water pressure were carried out, and the internal force characteristics of tunnel lining under the influence of cavity position and water head height were studied. Based on the test findings, the numerical calculation models of extended working conditions were established. The effects of cavity diameter, cavity position, and water head height on the lining structure were further explored. The results show that the inner side of the lining in contact with the cavities bears a larger positive bending moment when there are karst cavities around the tunnel, and is the most unfavorable position of the lining to bear loads. The internal forces of the lining increase greatly, with the increase of cavity diameter and water head height in the cavity. The location of the cavity affects the internal force distributions of the lining, and the water pressure resistance capacity of the lining is the smallest when the cavity is located at the tunnel vault. The research results can provide a reference for the structural design and safe construction of pipeline karst tunnels.

Key words: karst tunnel, pipeline cavity, model test, numerical simulation, internal force of the lining