Rock and Soil Mechanics ›› 2022, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (9): 2493-2503.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2022.5407

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Experimental study of fracture dynamic evolution process of grouted specimen under uniaxial compression based on CT scanning

ZHU Chang-xing, SUN Jia-xin, WANG Yan-wei   

  1. School of Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, Henan 454000, China
  • Online:2022-10-24 Published:2022-10-31
  • Contact: SUN Jia-xin, male, born in 1998, Master student, majoring in grouting reinforcement of rock and soil mass. E-mail:
  • About author:ZHU Chang-xing, male, born in 1976, PhD, Associate Professor, mainly engaged in research on soft rock deformation and its control.
  • Supported by:
    the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51874119), the Department of Education Project of Henan Province (2011A440003) and the Doctorate Fund of Henan Polytechnic University (B2009-96).

Abstract: To study the fracture dynamic evolution process of grouted specimens under loading conditions, the graded gravel grouted specimen was periodically scanned during the uniaxial compression damage process using a CT scanning system. Based on the image reconstruction technique, the spatial visualization of the fracture structure inside the test grouted specimen block is achieved, and the structural characteristic parameters are characterized quantitatively such as the number and volume of fractures. The gray value and fractal dimension of the CT slices are calculated using Python programming to analyze the mesoscale damage extent at different loading stages of the grouted specimen. It is shown that the specimen’s internal fracture volume shows a trend of slow rise, slow fall, slow rise, and rapid rise. The fracture number shows a trend of increasing firstly and then decreasing during the whole compression stage. When the fracture propagation paths encounter gravel, most of the fractures propagate around the gravel location and few fractures propagate through the gravel. In addition, the fracture bifurcation propagation mostly appears at the interface between the cement matrix and gravel. The specimen damage process could be divided into four stages in terms of the fracture evolution process inside the specimen: initial defect propagation stage, internal crack compacting stage, fracture propagation stage, and fracture penetration stage. For the slice at the same loading stage of the test specimen, it is found that the value of the damage variable and fractal dimension shows a certain positive correlation, which is similar to the trends of the fracture volume evolution. The research results can provide a reference for the study of the failure process and fracture evolution law of the grouted body.

Key words: CT scan, grouted body, digital reconstruction, fracture evolution, quantitative characterization