Rock and Soil Mechanics ›› 2022, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (8): 2035-2059.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2021.6926

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Research progress on support technology and methods for soft rock with large deformation hazards in China

KANG Yong-shui1, 2, GENG Zhi1, 2, LIU Quan-sheng3, LIU Bin1, ZHU Yuan-guang1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei 430071, China 2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China 3. School of Civil Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430072, China
  • Online:2022-09-30 Published:2022-10-09
  • Contact: GENG Zhi, male, born in 1999, Master candidate, mainly engaged in the research of stability control theory and technology of fractured rock.
  • About author: KANG Yong-shui, male, born in 1985, PhD, Associate Professor, mainly engaged in the research of stability control theory and technology of deep broken soft surrounding rock.
  • Supported by:
    the General Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (51774267, 41941018).

Abstract: Soft rock engineering is involved in many important engineering fields such as mining, hydraulic engineering, transportation and national defense. With the increase of mining depth and the development of tunnel engineering, a large number of tunnels and roadways need to pass through soft rock formations, in which the problems such as high geostress and broken and weak surrounding rocks are prominent. Large deformation disasters of soft rocks pose serious threats to engineering safety and cause enormeous economic losses. In this paper, the research progress on soft rock support in China is first reviewed, and the research status quo of technology for soft rock control for large deformation hazards is summarized in the following aspects: (1) passive support methods represented by improved rigid support, retractable support and compound lining; (2) reinforced active support technology using high-strength bolts and cables; (3) soft rock modification technology using grouting; (4) soft rock reinforcement with pressure relief as the core idea; and (5) compound support methods. Furthermore, the development of different supporting technologies and methods is elaborated, and the applicable conditions, advantages and disadvantages of different supporting methods are analyzed. It is usually difficult to meet the demand of large deformation control of soft rock relying on a single support method. Therefore, it is urgent to solve the problems of the prevention and control of large deformation disaster of soft rock to realize the efficient collaborative control among different supporting measures and achieve the real-time accurate monitoring of deformation and stress fields. Finally, based on the above research results, the development tendency of support technology for soft rock with large deformation hazards is prospected and the countermeasures are proposed.

Key words: large deformation of soft rock, support, technical status quo, research progress, surrounding rock control